Sovereigns of England

Sovereigns of England


sovereigns of england, great britain and the united kingdom since the norman conquest

WILLIAM I the Conqueror, styled Willelmus Rex Anglorum; b at Falaise, Normandy, 1027 or 1028; s his father as Duke of Normandy, 1035; obtained the crown of England by conquest, 14 October 1066; crowned 25 December 1066; m 1053, Matilda, crowned 11 May 1068 (d at Caen 2 November 1083; buried Church of Holy Trinity, Caen), daughter of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders (a direct descendant of Alfred the Great, King of the West Saxons); d at the Priory of St Gervais, near Rouen, 9 September 1087; buried Abbey of St Stephen, Caen; had four sons and six daughters; s in England by his second son,

WILLIAM II Rufus, styled Dei Gratia Rex Anglorum; b in Normandy 1056/60; crowned 26 September 1087; killed while hunting in the New Forest, 2 August 1100; buried Winchester Cathedral; dunm; s by his brother, the youngest son of King William I,

HENRY I Beauclerc, styled the same as William II; b at Selby, Yorkshire, ca September 1068; crowned 6 August 1100; m 1st, 11 November 1100, Matilda (formerly called Edith), crowned on her wedding day (d at Westminster 1 May 1118; buried Westminster Abbey),  daughter of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scots; 2ndly, 29 January 1121, Adeliza, crowned 3 February 1121 (who m 2ndly, 1138, William d’Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, and d at Afflighem, Flanders, 23 March or April 1151; buried Afflighem), daughter of Godfrey I the Bearded, Duke of Lower Lorraine; d at St Denis-le-Fermont, near Rouen, 1 December 1135; buried Reading Abbey; had surviving issue (by 1st m) one son (dvp) and one daughter; s by his nephew, the third son of Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres, by his wife Adela, da of King William I,

STEPHEN, styled Rex Anglorum, Dux Normannorum; b at Blois ca 1096; crowned 26 December 1135; disputed the crown with his cousin Matilda, daughter of King Henry I, who finally renounced her claim in his favour for life with reversion to her son Henry; m 1125, Matilda, suo jure Countess of Boulogne, crowned 22 March 1136 (d at Hedingham Castle, Essex, 3 May 1152; buried Faversham Abbey), only daughter and heiress of Eustace III, Count of Boulogne, by his wife Mary, younger daughter of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scots; d at Dover 25 October 1154; buried Faversham Abbey; had three sons and two daughters; s by his first cousin once removed, the son of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and Maine, by his wife Matilda, widow of Emperor Henry V, and only daughter of King Henry I,

HENRY II Curtmantle, styled Rex Angliae, Dux Normanniae et Aquitaniae et Comes Andegaviae; b at Le Mans, 5 March 1133; crowned 19 December 1154; m 18 May 1152, Eleanor, suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine, crowned 25 December 1158 (d at Fontevraud, Anjoum 31 March/1 April 1204; buried  Fontevraud Abbey), elder daughter and co-heiress of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, and formerly wife of Louis VII, King of France; d at Chinon, near Tours, 6 July 1189; buried Fontevraud Abbey; had five sons and three daughters; s by his third, but eldest surviving, son,

RICHARD I Coeur de Lion, styled the same as Henry II; b at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, 8 September 1157; crowned 3 September 1189; m 12 May 1191, Berengaria, crowned on her wedding day (d at L’Épau Abbey, near Le Mans, 1230; buried there), daughter of Sancho VI the Wise, King of Navarre; dsp at Chalus, Aquitaine, 6 April 1199; buried Fontevraud Abbey; s by his brother, the youngest son of King Henry II,

JOHN Lackland, styled Rex Angliae, Dominus Hiberniae, Dux Normanniae, et Dux Aquitaniae; b at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, 24 December 1167; crowned 27 May 1199; m 1st, 29 August 1189 (m annulled 1200), Isabella (who m 2ndly, 1213, Geoffrey de Mandeville, 5th Earl of Essex (d 1216); and 3rdly, ca Oct 1217, Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, and dsp ca 18 November 1217; buried Canterbury Cathedral), third and youngest daughter and co-heiress of William, Earl of Gloucester; 2ndly, 24 August 1200, Isabella, crowned 8 October 1200 (who m 2ndly, ca 1220, Hugh X de Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and d at Fontevraud, 31 May 1246; buried there), only daughter and heiress of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême; d at Newark Castle, 18/19 October 1216; buried Worcester Cathedral; had two sons and three daughters by 2nd m; s by his son,

HENRY III, styled the same as John until 1259, then Rex Angliae, Dominus Hiberniae et Dux Aquitaniae; b at Winchester, 1 October 1207; crowned (at Gloucester) 28 October 1216 and again (at Westminster) 17 May 1220; m 4 January 1236, Eleanor, crowned 20 January 1236 (d at Amesbury, Wiltshire, 24 June 1291; buried there), second daughter and co-heiress of Raymond Berenger V, Count of Provence; d at Westminster 16 November 1272; buried Westminster Abbey; had six sons and three daughters; s by his son,

EDWARD I Longshanks, styled the same as Henry III; b at Westminster 17 June 1239; crowned 19 August 1274; m 1st, 13/31 October 1254, Eleanor, crowned with him (d at Herdeby, Lincolnshire, 24 November 1290; buried Westminster Abbey), daughter of (St) Ferdinand III, King of Castile and Leon; 2ndly, 10 September 1299, Margaret (d at Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, 14 February 1317; buried Grey Friars Church, London), daughter of Philip III, King of France; d at Burgh-on-the-Sands, near Carlisle, 7 July 1307; buried Westminster Abbey; had (by 1st m) four or five sons and eleven daughters, (by 2nd m) two sons and one daughter; s by his fourth (or fifth), but eldest surviving son,

EDWARD II, styled the same as King Henry III; b at Caernarvon Castle, 25 April 1284; crowned 25 February 1308; deposed by Parliament 20 January 1327; m 25 January 1308, Isabella, crowned with him (d at Castle Rising, Norfolk, 22 August 1358; buried Grey Friars Church, London), daughter of Philip IV, King of France; murdered at Berkeley Castle 21 September 1327; buried Gloucester Cathedral; had two sons and two daughters; s by his son,

EDWARD III, styled the same as King Henry III until 1340, then Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae; b at Windsor Castle 13 November 1312; Keeper of the Realm 26 October 1326; proclaimed King 25 January 1327; crowned 2 February 1327; m 24 January 1328, Philippa, crowned 20 February 1328 (d at Windsor Castle 14 August 1369; buried Westminster Abbey), third daughter of William, Count of Holland and Hainault; d at Sheen Palace, Surrey, 21 June 1377; buried Westminster Abbey; had seven sons and five daughters; s by his grandson, the only surviving son of Edward, Prince of Wales (who dvp 1376),

RICHARD II, styled the same as King Edward III; b at Bordeaux 6 January 1367; crowned 16 July 1377; deposed 29 or 30 September 1399; m 1st, 14 or 20 January 1382, Anne, crowned 22 January 1382 (d at Sheen Palace shortly before 3 June 1394; buried Westminster Abbey), daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia; 2ndly, 1 November 1396, Isabelle, crowned 8 January 1397 (who m 2ndly, 29 June 1406, Charles, Duke of Orleans, and d at Blois 13 September 1409; buried Abbey of St Saumer, Blois, re-buried Paris ca 1624), second daughter of Charles VI, King of France; dsp at Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire (supposedly murdered) 6 January 1400; buried Westminster Abbey; s on his deposition by his first cousin, the elder surviving son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, KG, fourth son of King Edward III,

HENRY IV, styled the same as Edward III; b at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, 4 April 1366; crowned 13 October 1399; m 1st, July 1380/March 1381, Mary (d at Peterborough Castle 4 July 1394; buried St Mary’s Church, Leicester), younger daughter and co-heiress of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton, KG; 2ndly, 7 February 1403, Joan, crowned 26 February 1403 (d at Havering-atte- Bower, Essex 9 July 1437; buried Canterbury Cathedral), 2nd daughter of Charles II, King of Navarre, and widow of John V, Duke of Brittany; d in the Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster Abbey, 20 March 1413; buried Canterbury Cathedral; had issue (by 1st m) five sons and two daughters; s by his eldest surviving son,

HENRY V, styled the same as King Edward III until 1420, then Rex Angliae, Haeres et Regens Franciae, et Dominus Hiberniae; b at Monmouth 9 August 1387; crowned 9 April 1413; m 2 June 1420, Catherine, crowned 24 February 1421 (who m 2ndly, ca 1428, Owen Tudor, and d at Bermondsey Abbey 3 January 1437; buried Westminster Abbey), sixth and youngest daughter of Charles VI, King of France; d at Bois de Vincennes, France, 31 August 1422; buried Westminster Abbey; had one son, who s him as

HENRY VI, styled Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae; b at Windsor Castle 6 December 1421; crowned 6 November 1429; crowned King of France at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, 16 December 1431; deposed 4 March 1461; regained the crown 3 October 1470; again deposed 11 April 1471; m 22 April 1445, Margaret, crowned 30 May 1445 (d at Chateau de Dampiere, near Saumur, 25 August 1482; buried Angers), second daughter of Rene, Duke of Anjou, titular King of Naples and Sicily; d at the Tower of London (supposedly murdered) 21 May 1471; buried Chertsey Abbey, re-buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, one son (dvp 1471); s on his deposition by the Yorkist claimant to the throne, the great-grandson of Edmund of Langley Duke of York, KG, fifth son of King Edward III, and also representative of Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, KG, third (but second surviving) son of King Edward III,

EDWARD IV, styled the same as King Henry VI; b at Rouen 28 April 1442; declared King in Parliament 4 March 1461; crowned 28 June 1461; deposed 3 October 1470 when Henry VI was restored; regained the crown 11 April 1471; m 1 May 1464, Elizabeth, crowned 26 May 1465 (d at Bermondsey Abbey 8 June 1492; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, KG, and widow of Sir John Grey; d at Westminster 9 April 1483; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, three sons and seven daughters; s by his son,

EDWARD V, styled the same as King Henry VI; b at Westminster 4 November 1470; never crowned; deposed by an assembly of Lords and Commons on the grounds of the supposed invalidity of his parents’ marriage (King Edward IV having been contracted to Lady Eleanor Butler, who was still living at the time of his marriage to Lady Grey) 25 June 1483; confined in the Tower of London, where he was presumed to have been murdered (with his only surviving brother Richard, Duke of York) in or after July 1483; s by his uncle, the brother of King Edward IV,

RICHARD III, styled the same as King Henry VI; b at Fotheringay Castle 2 October 1452; proclaimed King 26 June 1483; crowned 6 July 1483; m 12 July 1472, Anne, crowned with him (d at Westminster 16 March 1485; buried Westminster Abbey), younger daughter and co-heiress of Richard Nevill, 1st Earl of Warwick and 2nd Earl of Salisbury, KG, and widow of Edward, Prince of Wales (only son of King Henry VI); killed fighting for his crown at Bosworth Field 22 August 1485; buried Grey Friars Abbey, Leicester; had issue, one son (who dvp); s by his rival Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, great-great-grandson of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, KG, fourth son of King Edward III, and grandson of Owen Tudor, by his wife Catherine, widow of King Henry V, who ascended the throne as

HENRY VII, styled the same as King Henry VI; b at Pembroke Castle 28 January 1457; crowned 30 October 1485; m 18 January 1486, Elizabeth, crowned 25 November 1487 (d at the Tower of London 11 February 1503; buried Westminster Abbey), daughter of King Edward IV; d at Richmond Palace 21 April 1509; buried Westminster Abbey; had issue, three sons and four daughters; s by his second (but only surviving) son,

HENRY VIII, styled the same as Henry VI until 1521, then King of England and France, Defender of the Faith and Lord of Ireland, then also, by the Act of Supremacy 3 November 1534, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England (formally announced 15 January 1535) and, in 1536, Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of Ireland until 1542, then King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and of the Church of England and also of Ireland in Earth the Supreme Head (ratified by an act of Parliament 1544); the first English sovereign to adopt the style of Majesty; b at Greenwich Palace 28 June 1491; crowned 24 June 1509; m 1st, 11 June 1509 (m declared null and void by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury 23 May 1533 and “utterly dissolved” by Act of Parliament March 1534), Catherine, crowned with him (d at Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire 7 January 1536; buried Peterborough Cathedral), daughter of Ferdinand II, King of Aragon (and V as King of Castile jure uxoris), and widow of his elder brother Arthur, Prince of Wales; 2ndly, 25 January 1533 (m declared valid 28 May 1533 and invalid 17 May 1536), Anne, Marchioness of Pembroke (cr 1532), crowned 1 June 1533 (beheaded on Tower Green 19 May 1536; buried Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower), daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, KG; 3rdly, 30 May 1536, Jane (d at Hampton Court Palace 24 October 1537; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), daughter of Sir John Seymour, Knight Banneret, of Wolf Hall, Savernake, Wiltshire; 4thly, 6 January 1540 (m annulled 9 July 1540), Anne (d at Chelsea 17 July 1557; buried Westminster Abbey), second daughter of John III, Duke of Cleves; 5thly, 28 July 1540, Catherine (beheaded on Tower Green 13 February 1542; buried Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower), daughter of Lord Edmund Howard, third son of 2nd Duke of Norfolk; 6thly, 12 July 1543, Catherine (who m 4thly, April or May 1547, Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, KG, Lord High Admiral, brother of Queen Jane, and d at Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, 5 September 1548; buried Sudeley Castle Chapel), daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, of Kendal, Westmorland, and widow of (1) Hon Sir Edward Burgh, and (2) John Nevill, 3rd Baron Latimer; d at Whitehall Palace 28 January 1547; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; and had living issue, (by 1st m) two sons and one daughter, (by 2nd m) 1 daughter, (by 3rd m) one son; s by his only surviving son (by 3rd m),

EDWARD VI, styled the same as King Henry VIII; b at Hampton Court Palace 12 October 1537; crowned 20 February 1547; dunm at Greenwich Palace 6 July 1553; buried Westminster Abbey; s by his 1st cousin once removed, Lady Jane Dudley (elder daughter of Henry Grey, Marquess of Dorset, and later Duke of Suffolk, KG, by his wife Frances, da of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG, by his wife Mary, third daughter of King Henry VII), who had been declared heiress-presumptive 21 June 1553,

JANE, styled the same as King Henry VIII; b at Bradgate, Leicestershire October 1537; proclaimed Queen 10 July 1553; dethroned in favour of the rightful heir Mary 19 July 1553; tried and condemned to death for high treason 13 November 1553; m 21 May 1553, Lord Guildford Dudley (beheaded on Tower Hill 12 February 1554; buried Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower), sixth son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG; beheaded on Tower Green 12 February 1554; buried Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula in the Tower; s on her deposition by the eldest daughter of King Henry VIII (by his 1st m),

MARY I, styled the same as King Henry VIII until her marriage, then she and her husband were styled Philip and Mary, by the Grace of God, King and Queen of England and France, Naples, Jerusalem and Ireland, Defenders of the Faith, Princes of Spain and Sicily, Archdukes of Austria, Dukes of Milan, Burgundy and Brabant; b at Greenwich Palace 18 February 1516; crowned 1 October 1553; m 25 July 1554, as his second wife, Philip, from 1555 Philip II, King of Spain (d at El Escorial, near Madrid 13 September 1598; buried El Escorial), only son of the Emperor Charles V; dsp at St James’s Palace 17 November 1558; buried Westminster Abbey; s by her half-sister (the daughter of King Henry VIII by his 2nd m),

ELIZABETH I, styled Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith; b at Greenwich Palace 7 September 1533; crowned 15 January 1559; d at Richmond Palace 24 March 1603; buried Westminster Abbey; s by her kinsman, James VI, King of Scots, great-grandson of Margaret, daughter of King Henry VII (see Sovereigns of Scotland),

JAMES I (Charles James), styled King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith; b at Edinburgh Castle 19 June 1566; s his mother as King of Scots 24 July 1567; crowned King of Scots 29 July 1567; crowned as King of England, etc 25 July 1603; m 20 August 1589, Anne, crowned with him (d at Hampton Court Palace 4 March 1619; buried Westminster Abbey), second daughter of Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway; d at Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire 27 March 1625; buried Westminster Abbey; had living issue, three sons and four daughters; s by his second, but only surviving, son,

CHARLES I, styled the same as King James I; b at Dunfermline 19 November 1600; crowned 2 February 1626; crowned King of Scots 18 June 1633; m 13 June 1625, Henrietta Maria (d at Colombe, near Paris 31 August 1669; buried St Denis), youngest daughter of Henry IV, King of France and Navarre; found guilty of high treason by a “High Court of Justice” appointed by Parliament and condemned to death 27 January 1649; beheaded outside Whitehall Palace 30 January 1649; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, four sons and five daughters.

After the execution of King Charles I there was an interregnum entitled the Commonwealth. A republic was established and continued until 16 December 1653, when Oliver Cromwell was declared Lord Protector. He d 3 September 1658 and was s in the Protectorate by his son Richard, who held the office until April 1659, when a republic was re-established until 8 May 1660, when the second, but elder surviving, son of King Charles I,

CHARLES II, was proclaimed by the same style as King James I, his reign having legally commenced on the death of his father; b at St James’s Palace 29 May 1630; landed at Dover 29 May 1660 (Restoration Day); crowned 23 April 1661 (having been crowned King of Scots at Scone 1 January 1651); m 21 May 1662, Catherine Henrietta (d at Bemposta Palace, Lisbon, 31 December 1705; buried Belém), daughter of John IV, King of Portugal; dspl at Whitehall Palace 6 February 1685; buried Westminster Abbey; s by his brother,

JAMES II (VII as King of Scots), styled the same as King James I; b at St James’s Palace 14 October 1633; crowned 23 April 1685; declared by Act of Parliament (28 January 1689) to have abdicated the throne 11 December 1688, on which date he left the country; m 1st, 24 November 1659, Lady Anne Hyde (d at St James’s Palace 31 March 1671; buried Westminster Abbey), da of Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, PC, Lord High Chancellor of England; 2ndly, 30 September 1673, Mary Beatrice Eleonora, crowned with him (d at St Germain-en-Laye, France 7 May 1718; buried Convent of Chaillot), only daughter of Alfonso IV (d’Este), Duke of Modena; d at St Germain- en-Laye 6 September 1701; buried Church of the English Benedictines, rue St Jacques, Paris, later re-buried at St Germain-en-Laye; had issue (by 1st m), four sons and four daughters; (by 2nd m), two sons and four daughters.

After King James II was declared to have abdicated, the throne was offered by Parliament to his elder daughter  and son-in-law, who ascended it jointly as

WILLIAM III and MARY II, styled King and Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defenders of the Faith; proclaimed 13 February 1689; crowned 11 April 1689. The Queen was b at St James’s Palace 30 April 1662; m 4 November 1677, her first cousin, William Henry, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, only son of William II, Prince of Orange, etc, by his wife Mary, Princess Royal, elder daughter of King Charles I; d at Kensington Palace 28 December 1694; buried Westminster Abbey. The King was b at the Hague 14 November 1650; dsp at Kensington Palace 8 March 1702; buried Westminster Abbey: s by the sister of Queen Mary (second daughter of King James II),

ANNE, styled Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith until the Act of Union with Scotland 6 March 1707, then Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith; b at St James’s Palace 6 February 1665; crowned 23 April 1702; m 28 July 1683, Prince George of Denmark, KG, cr Duke of Cumberland 9 April 1689, Lord High Admiral of England 20 May 1702, of Great Britain from 1707 (d at Kensington Palace 28 October 1708; buried Westminster Abbey), younger son of Frederick III, King of Denmark and Norway; dsps at Kensington Palace 1 August 1714; buried Westminster Abbey; had living issue, two sons and three daughters (and many stillborn children); s in accordance with the Act of Settlement of 1701 by her kinsman, the eldest son of Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, by his wife Sophia, youngest daughter of Frederick V, King of Bohemia and Elector Palatine of the Rhine, by his wife, Elizabeth, elder daughter of King James I,

GEORGE I (George Louis), styled King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick- Lüneburg, Elector of Hanover, Defender of the Faith; b at Hanover 28 May/7 June 1660; crowned 20 October 1714; m 21 November 1682 (m diss by a specially constituted tribunal of the Lutheran Church in accordance with Hanoverian law 28 December 1694), his first cousin, Sophia Dorothea (d at Ahlden 13 November 1726; buried Celle), only surviving daughter and heiress of George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Celle, KG; d at Osnabrück 11 June 1727; buried Leineschloss Church, Hanover, re-buried Herrenhausen 1957; had issue, one son and one daughter; s by his only son,

GEORGE II (George Augustus), styled the same as King George I; b at Herrenhausen 30 October 1683; crowned 11 October 1727: m 22 August 1705, (Wilhelmina Charlotte) Caroline, crowned with him (d at St James’s Palace 25 November 1737; buried Westminster Abbey), youngest daughter of John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach; d at Kensington Palace 25 October 1760; buried Westminster Abbey; had (living) issue, three sons and five daughters; s by his grandson, the son of Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales (dvp 20 March 1751),

GEORGE III (George William Frederick), styled the same as King George I until 1 January 1801, then By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith (also Elector of Hanover until 12 August 1814, when that country was recognised by the Allied Powers as a Kingdom and he was proclaimed King of Hanover 12 October 1814); b at Norfolk House, St James’s Square, London, 4 June 1738; crowned 22 September 1761; m 8 September 1761, (Sophia) Charlotte, crowned with him (d at Kew Palace 17 November 1818; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), youngest daughter of Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; d at Windsor Castle 29 January 1820; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had nine sons and six daughters; s by his elder son,

GEORGE IV (George Augustus Frederick), styled the same as King George III; b at St James’s Palace 12 August 1762; Prince Regent of the United Kingdom from 5 February 1811 until his accession to the throne; crowned 19 July 1821; m 8 April 1795, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth (d at Brandenburg House, Hammersmith 7 August 1821; buried Brunswick), second daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; d at Windsor Castle 26 June 1830; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, one daughter (who dvp and sps); s by his brother, the third son of King George III,

WILLIAM IV (William Henry), styled the same as King George III; b at Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace) 21 August 1765; crowned 8 September 1831; m 11 July 1818, Adelaide Louisa Theresa Caroline Amelia, crowned with him (d at Bentley Priory, Middlesex 2 December 1849; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), elder daughter  of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen; d at Windsor Castle 20 June 1837; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had (living) issue, two daughters (who d in infancy); s in Great Britain and Ireland by his niece, the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of King George III, and in Hanover by his next surviving brother, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale,

VICTORIA (Alexandrina Victoria), styled the same as King George III until 1 January 1877, then By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India; b at Kensington Palace 24 May 1819; crowned 28 June 1838; proclaimed Empress of India 1 January 1877; m 10 February 1840, HSH Prince (Francis) Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony, cr HRH 7 February 1840 and Prince Consort 25 June 1857 (d at Windsor Castle 14 December 1861; buried Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore), younger son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; d at Osborne House, Isle of Wight 22 January 1901; buried Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore; had issue, four sons and five daughters; s by her elder son,

EDWARD VII (Albert Edward), styled the same as Queen Victoria until 17 August 1901, then By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India; b at Buckingham Palace 9 November 1841; crowned 9 August 1902; m 10 March 1863, Alexandra Caroline Mary Charlotte Louisa Julia, crowned with him (d at Sandringham House, Norfolk, 20 November 1925; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), elder daughter of Christian IX, King of Denmark; d at Buckingham Palace 6 May 1910; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, three sons and three daughters; s by his second, but only surviving son,

GEORGE V (George Frederick Ernest Albert), styled the same as King Edward VII until 13 May 1927, then By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India; b at Marlborough House, London 3 June 1865; crowned 22 June 1911; assumed by Royal Proclamation on 17 July 1917 the name of Windsor for his House and family; m 6 July 1893, (Victoria) Mary Augusta Louisa Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes, crowned with him (d at Marlborough House, London 24 March 1953; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), only daughter of Francis Paul Charles Louis Alexander, Duke of Teck, by his wife Princess Mary Adelaide, younger daughter of Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, seventh son of King George III; d at Sandringham House, Norfolk 20 January 1936; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, five sons and one daughter; s by his elder son,

EDWARD VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David), styled the same as King George V; b at White Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey 23 June 1894; renounced the throne for himself and his descendants 10 December 1936 (confirmed by the Declaration of Abdication Act 11 December 1936); cr Duke of Windsor 8 March 1937; m 3 June 1937, (Bessie) Wallis Warfield (which surname she resumed by Deed Poll after her second divorce) (d at Paris 24 April 1986; buried Frogmore), only child of Teackle Wallis Warfield, of Baltimore, Maryland, USA, and formerly wife of (1) Earl Winfield Spencer, and (2) Ernest Aldrich Simpson; dsp at Paris 28 May 1972 (buried Frogmore); s on his abdication by his brother,

GEORGE VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George), styled the same as King George V until 22 June 1948, when by Royal Proclamation he discontinued the style of Emperor of India; b at York Cottage, Sandringham 14 December 1895; crowned 12 May 1937; m 26 April 1923, Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon, crowned with him (d at Royal Lodge, Windsor 30 March 2002; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor), youngest da of 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, KG, KT, GCVO, TD; d at Sandringham House, Norfolk 6 February 1952; buried St George’s Chapel, Windsor; had issue, two daughters; s by his elder daughter,

ELIZABETH II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary), styled the same as King George VI until 26 March 1953, then By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of her other Realms and Territories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith. Learn more about HM The Queen - here.

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